Professor Heather MacLean

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Professor Heather MacLean

Contact me

Heather MacLean
Dept. of Civil Engineering
University of Toronto
35 St. George St.
Toronto, Ontario
Canada, M5S 1A4

Tel: 416-946-5056
Fax: 416-978-6813

hmaclean@ecf.utoronto.ca

Research Interests

My research expertise is in the evaluation of conventional and alternative energy systems. The focus over the last number of years has been on modeling the techno-economic and environmental performance of bioenergy systems (for transportation and electricity generation), unconventional fossil resources (oil sands-derived fuels) and alternative fuels/propulsion systems for light-duty vehicles. Much of the research has taken a life cycle approach. The research is interdisciplinary, incorporating environmental, chemical and mechanical engineering, economics and public policy components. Over the last 15 years I have worked closely with both the public and private sectors in a large set of research projects in the above areas.

Education and Affiliations

BEng (C.E.) (Dalhousie/TUNS)
MBA (St. Mary's)
MSc (Carnegie Mellon)
PhD (Carnegie Mellon)
P.Eng

Teaching

Course Code Title & Description Instructor Session Location(s) Day(s) Start Time End
CIV1307H Prof. Heather Maclean Not offered

Research

Current Research Projects (Selected)

 

  • Life Cycle Assessment of Agricultural Biomass (PI) – Ontario Power Generation
  • Reagent Development & Assessment for Biomass Conversion (E. Master is PI, with M. Campbell, B. Saville, A. Seguin) – NSERC SPG
  • Life Cycle Environmental & Techno-economic Evaluation of the Oil Sands (J. Bergerson is PI, with J. Carbone, D. Keith U. of Calgary) – Carbon Management Canada Network Centres of Excellence
  • BEEM: Bioproducts and Enzymes from Environmental Metagenomes (E. Edwards, University of Toronto is PI) – Genome Canada and Ontario Research Foundation
  • Life Cycle Implications of Harvested Wood Products (PI, with S. Colombo) – Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
  • Life Cycle Assessment of Oil Sands Technologies (J. Bergerson U. of Calgary is PI with D. Keith, U of Calgary) – Alberta Innovates – Energy and Environment Solutions and Natural Resources Canada

PhD students

 

Jason Luk

  • Bioenergy and biofuels
  • Jason holds a bachelor degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Alberta, having conducted research on the power sector, electric vehicles and fuel cell production. A degree in Engineering Management was awarded based on the experimental evaluation of biomass pipelines, among other studies focused on the optimization of biofuel production. Currently, his research is centered around automotive applications of bioenergy.

Jon McKechnie

  • Forest resource utilization and greenhouse gas mitigation
  • Jon completed his bachelor degree in Mechanical Engineering at McMaster University. He received his Master's degree at the University of Victoria while researching microfabrication techniques with specific application to microscale fuel cell technologies. Currently, his research evaluates the inter-relationships of using forest resources for biofuels, wood-based products, and as ecological carbon stores to meet greenhouse gas mitigation objectives.

Jennifer McKellar

  • Investigation of alternative energy systems for Alberta’s oil sands
  • Jennifer completed her bachelor's and master's degrees in Chemical Engineering at the University of Toronto, with a research focus related to climate change. Jennifer is now interested in the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in the oil sands sector. After completing her Master's, Jennifer worked in environmental consulting before returning to school.

Diana Pacheco Rodriguez

  • Evaluation of oil sands environmental implications.

MASc Students

 

Brad Hunt

  • Solar energy options
  • Brad is co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. C. Kennedy.

Alan Lam

  • Bioenergy
  • Alan is co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. B. Saville.

Leon Raykin

  • Development of novel methods for evaluating electric vehicles.
  • Leon completed his bachelor's degree in biology at Queen's University, where he became increasingly interested in energy and environmental issues over the course of his degree. After studying at Queen's, Leon took a year off to travel before pursuing a master's degree at the University of Toronto. His current research involves incorporating transportation modeling techniques within a life cycle context to more comprehensively represent the environmental and financial performance of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, with a focus on the Greater Toronto Area. Leon is co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. M. Roorda.

Tim Shen

  • Life cycle modeling of lignocellulosic ethanol and co-production options
  • Tim is a chemical engineer who completed his bachelor's degree at the University of Toronto. He did his undergrad thesis in quantification and optimization of biodiesel process energy and is in the process of completing his Master's degree. Currently, his research evaluates the environmental and energetic impacts of utilizing bioethanol pathways employing different co-product strategies. Tim is co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. B. Saville.

Sylvia Sleep

  • Techno-economic and environmental evaluation of emerging technologies for the oil sands
  • Sylvia completed her undergraduate studies at Queen's University in Civil Engineering and Economics. Her research focus is on the economic impacts of greenhouse gas emissions reduction strategies in the oil sands sector.

Previous Members of the Research Group

Visiting Scholars

Akifumi Ogino

  • Visiting Scholar, 2009.

Post-Doctoral Fellows

Oyeshola Kofoworola

  • PhD King Mongkut's University of Technology, Thonburi, Thailand
  • Life cycle assessment of emerging oil sands technologies.

David Sanscartier

  • PhD Royal Military College of Canada (RMC)
  • Evaluation of bioenergy systems

Shiva Habibi

  • PhD Concordia University
  • Biomass to energy systems

Youssouf Kalogo

  • PhD University of Ghent
  • Anaerobic digestion, waste and wastewater

PhD Alumni

Alex Charpentier

  • Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Oil Sands Technologies
  • Completed September 2010.

Sabrina Spatari

  • Biomass to Energy Pathways: Technoeconomic Evaluation of Lignocellulosic Ethanol Production Technologies
  • Completed September 2007.

Yimin Zhang

  • Life Cycle Environmental and Cost Evaluation of Bioenergy Systems
  • Completed February 2010.

MASc Alumni

 

Magdalena Gronowska

  • An environmental, economic, and technical analysis of a North American lignocellulosic biofuel infrastructure
  • Completed September 2008.

Bryan Tripp

  • Environmental and Technoeconomic Evaluation of Biodiesel in North America
  • Completed January 2008.

Thomas M. Ferguson

  • Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Embodied in Canada and US Household Consumption: a bi-Regional Input-Output-Based Life Cycle Comparison
  • Completed August 2007.

Jon Norman

  • An Environmental Economic Model for Policy Analysis in Canada and the United States. Binational Economic Input-Output Life-Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA)
  • Completed January 2007.

Kathryn Kuber

  • Air Emissions from Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Energy Supply Options.Co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. D.M. Bagley
  • Completed January 2006.

Vicky Wong

  • Technical Aspects of Options and Potential for Energy Recovery from Anaerobically Digested Wastewater Solids. Co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. D.M. Bagley.
  • Completed August 2005.

Don Duval

  • The Value of Production Information in Life Cycle Management
  • Completed July 2005.

Jesse S. Fleming

  • Life Cycle Assessment of Lignocelulose-Based Hydrogen and Fischer-Tropsch Diesel in Light-Duty Vehicles
  • Completed June 2005.

Jianhua Liu

  • Evaluating Economic Feasibility of Energy Recovery from Anaerobic Digestion of Wastewater Solids. Co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. D.M. Bagley.
  • Completed June 2005.

Yimin Zhang

  • Life cycle modeling of lignocellulosic ethanol for use in light-duty vehicles.
  • Completed January 2005.

Natalia Samokhina

  • Evaluation of Infrastructure Requirements for a Lignocellulosic Ethanol Fueled Light Duty Fleet for Ontario.
  • Completed January 2004.

Wesley Wright

  • Life Cycle Costing of Energy Recovery from Anaerobically Treated Municipal Biosolids. Co-supervised by Dr. H.L. MacLean and Dr. D.M. Bagley.
  • Completed September 2003.

Publications

Journals

 

  1.  Luk, J.M., Pourbafrani, M., Saville, B., MacLean, H.L., Ethanol or Bio-electricity? Life Cycle Assessment of Lignocellulosic Bioenergy Use in Light-Duty Vehicles. Environmental Science & Technology. 2013. doi: 10.1021/es4006459.
  2. Choquette-Levy, N., MacLean, H.L., Bergerson, J.A. Should Alberta Upgrade Oil Sands Bitumen? An Integrated Life Cycle Framework to Evaluate Energy Systems Investment Tradeoffs. Energy Policy. 2013. 67. 78-87.
  3. Sanscartier, D., Deen, B., Dias, G., MacLean, H.L., Dadfar, H., McDonald, I., Kludze, H. Implications of Land Class and Environmental Factors on Life Cycle GHG emissions of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Feedstock. GCB Bioenergy. 2013. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12062.
  4. Misra, A., Roorda, M.J., MacLean, H.L. An Integrated Modelling Approach to Estimate Urban Traffic Emissions. Atmospheric Environment. 2013. 73. 81-91.
  5. McKellar, J., Bergerson, J., Kettunen, J., MacLean, H.L. Environmental Performance Under Market Uncertainties: Case Study of Oil Sands Coke. Environmental Science & Technology. 2013. 47(11). 5979-5987.
  6. McKechnie, J., MacLean, H.L. Implications of Emissions Timing on the Cost-effectiveness of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies: Application to Forest Bioenergy Systems. Global Change Biology (GCB) Bioenergy. 2013. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12063 .
  7. Hong, Y., Nizami A-S., Pour Bafrani, M., Saville, B.A., MacLean, H.L.. Impact of cellulase production on environmental and financial metrics for lignocellulosic ethanol. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 2013. 7(3). 303-313.
  8. Pourbafrani, M., McKechnie, J., MacLean, H.L., Saville, B.A. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Ethanol, Biomethane and Limonene Production from Citrus Waste. Environmental Research Letters. 2013. 8(13). 12pp.
  9. Colombo, S.J., Chen, J., Ter-Mikaelian, M., McKechnie, J., Elike, P.D., MacLean, H.L., Heath, L.S. Forest Protection and Forest Harvest as Strategies for Ecological Sustainability and Climate Change Mitigation. Forest Ecology & Management. 2012. 281. 140-151.
  10. Bergerson, J.A., Kofoworola, O., Charpentier, A., Sleep, S., MacLean, H.L. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Current Oil Sands Technologies: Surface Mining and In Situ Applications. Environmental Science & Technology. 2012. 46(14). 7865-7874.
  11. Raykin, L, MacLean, H.L., Roorda, M.J. Implications of Driving Patterns on Well-to-Wheel Performance of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Environmental Science and Technology 2012. 46. 6363-6370.
  12. Mashayekh, Y., Jaramillo, P., Samaras, C., Hendrickson, C.T., Blackhurst, M., MacLean, H.L., Matthews, H.S. Potentials for Sustainable Transportation in Cities to Alleviate Climate Change Impacts. Environmental Science & Technology. 2012. 46(5). 2529-2537.
  13. Sanscartier, D., MacLean, H.L., Saville, B. Electricity Production from Anaerobic Digestion of Household Organic Waste in Ontario: Techno-economic and GHG Emission Analyses. Environmental Science & Technology. 2012. 46(2). 1233-1242.
  14. Raykin, L. Roorda, M., MacLean, H.L. Impacts of Driving Patterns on Tank-to-Wheel Energy Use of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2012. 17(3). 243-250.
  15. Ferguson, T., MacLean, H.L. Trade-Linked, Canada-United States, Household Environmental Impact Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Energy Policy. 2011. 39(12). 8011-8021.
  16. Charpentier, A., Kofoworola, O., Bergerson, J.A., MacLean, H.L. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Current Oil Sands Technologies: GHOST Model Development and Illustrative Application. Environmental Science & Technology. 2011. 45. 9393-9404.
  17. Nopmongcol, U., Griffin, W.M., Yarwood, G., Dunker, A.M, MacLean, H.L., G. Mansell, J. Grant. Impact of Dedicated E85 Vehicle Use on Ozone and Particulate Matter in the U.S. Atmospheric Environment. 2011. 45(39). 7330-7340.
  18. Ter-Mikaelian, M.T., McKechnie, J. Colombo, S.J., Chen, J., and MacLean, H.L. The Carbon Neutrality Assumption for Forest Bioenergy: A Case Study for Northwestern Ontario. Forestry Chronicle. 2011. 87(5). 644-652.
  19. McKechnie, J., Zhang, Y., Ogino, A., Saville, B., Sleep, S., Turner, M., Pontius, R., MacLean, H.L. Impacts of Co-location, Co-production and Process Energy Source on Life Cycle Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Cellulosic Ethanol. Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining (BioFPR). 2011. 5:279-292.
  20. McKechnie, J., Colombo,S., Cheng, J., Mabee, W., MacLean, H.L. Forest Bioenergy or Forest Carbon? Assessing Trade-offs in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation with Wood-based Fuels. Environmental Science & Technology. Accepted November 17, 2010
  21. Mohareb, E.A., MacLean, H.L., Kennedy, C.A. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Waste Management - Assessment of Quantification Methods. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. Accepted November 10, 2010.
  22. Spatari, S. MacLean, H.L. Characterizing Model Uncertainties in the Life Cycle of Lignocellulose-based Ethanol Fuels. Submitted to Environmental Science & Technology. 2010. 44(22). 8773-8780.
  23. McKellar, J., Bergerson, J., MacLean, H.L. Replacing Natural Gas in Alberta’s Oil Sands: Trade-offs Associated with Alternative Fossil Fuels. Energy and Fuels. 2010. 24. 1687-1695.
  24. Zhang, Y., Joshi, S., MacLean, HL. Can Ethanol Alone Meet California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard? An Evaluation of Feedstock and Conversion Alternatives. Environmental Research Letters. 2010. 5. 1-14.
  25. Zhang, Y., McKechnie, J., Cormier, D., Lyng, R., Mabee, W., Ogino, A., MacLean, H.L. Life Cycle Emissions and Cost of Producing Electricity from Coal, Natural Gas and Wood Pellets in Ontario, Canada. Environmental Science & Technology. 2010. 44(1). 538-544.
  26. Spatari, S., Bagley, D.M., MacLean, H.L. Life Cycle Evaluation of Emerging Lignocellulosic Ethanol Conversion Technologies, Bioresource Technology. 2010. 101. 654-667.
  27. Kumarappan, S., Joshi, S., MacLean, H.L. Biomass Supply for Biofuel Production: Estimates for the United States and Canada. BioResources 2009. 4(3). 1070-1087.
  28. McIntyre, J., Spatari, S., MacLean, H.L. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trade-offs of Recycled Concrete Aggregate Use in Nonstructural Concrete: A North American Case Study. ASCE Journal of Infrastructure Systems. 2009. 15(4). 361-370.
  29. McKellar, J.M., Charpentier, A.D., Bergerson, J.A., MacLean, H.L. A Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Perspective on Liquid Fuels from Canadian and U.S. Unconventional Fossil Sources. International Journal on Global Warming. 2009. 1(1/2/3). 160-178.
  30. Charpentier, A.D., Bergerson, J.A., MacLean, H.L. Understanding the Canadian Oil Sands Industry’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Environmental Research Letters. 2009. 4. 1-11.
  31. MacLean, H.L., Spatari, S. Contribution of Enzymes and Process Chemicals to the Life Cycle of Ethanol. Environmental Research Letters. 2009. 4. 1-10.
  32. Gronowska, M., Joshi, S., MacLean, H.L. A Review of Canadian and U.S. Biomass Supply Studies. BioResources. 2009. 4(1). 341-369.
  33. Zhang, Y., Habibi, S., MacLean, H.L. Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Bioenergy in Ontario, Canada. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. 2007. 57(8). 919-933.
  34. Zhang, Q., Karney, B., MacLean, H.L., Feng, J. Life-Cycle Inventory of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Two Hydropower Projects in China. ASCE Journal of Infrastructure Systems. 2007. 13(4). 271-279.
  35. Main, M., Joseph, A., Zhang, Y. MacLean, H.L. Assessing the Energy Potential of Agricultural Bioenergy Pathways for Canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 2007. 87(4). 781-792.
  36. Norman J., Charpentier, A., MacLean, H.L. Canada-U.S. Trade and Manufacturing: Implications for Life-Cycle Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Environmental Science and Technology. 2007. 41(5). 1523-1532.
  37. Duval, D., MacLean, H.L. The Role of Product Information in Automotive Plastics Recycling: A Financial and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2007. 15(11-12). 1158-1168.
  38. Kalogo, Y., Habibi, S., MacLean, H.L., Joshi, S. Environmental Implications of Municipal Solid Waste to Ethanol Conversion. Environmental Science & Technology. 2007. 41(1). 35-41.
  39. Sahely, H.R., MacLean, H.L., Monteith, H.D., Bagley, D.M. Comparison of On-site and Upstream Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Canadian Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facilities. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science. 2006. 5(5). 405-415.
  40. Fleming, J.S., Habibi, S., MacLean, H.L. Brinkman, N. Evaluating the Sustainability of Producing Hydrogen from Biomass through Well-to-Wheel Analyses. Society of Automotive Engineers Transactions. 2005-01-1552. 2005 Journal of Materials and Manufacturing. 2005. Book No. V114-5. 729-745.
  41. Spatari, S., Zhang, Y, MacLean, H.L. Life Cycle Assessment of Switchgrass and Corn Stover – Derived Ethanol Fueled Automobiles. Environmental Science & Technology. 2005. 39(24). 9750-9758.
  42. Norman, J., MacLean, H.L., Kennedy, C. Comparing High and Low Residential Density: A Life Cycle Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. ASCE Journal of Urban Planning and Development. 2006. 132(1). 10-21.
  43. Fleming, J.S., Habibi, S., MacLean, H.L. Investigating the Sustainability of Lignocellulose-derived Light-Duty Vehicle Fuels through Life Cycle Analysis. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2006. 11(2). 146-159.
  44. Wang, L., MacLean, H.L., Adams, B.J. Water Resources Management in Beijing Using Economic Input-Output Modeling. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. 32(4). 2005. 753-764.
  45. Monteith, H.D., Sahely, H.R., MacLean, H.L., Bagley, D.M. A Rational Procedure for Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants. Water Environment Research. 77(4). 2005. 390-403.
  46. Kennedy, C., MacLean, H.L., Miller, E., Shalaby, A. Four Pillars of Sustainable Urban Transportation. Transport Reviews. 25(4). 2005. 393-414.
  47. Bjorn, A., Declerq-Lopez, L., Spatari, S., MacLean, H.L. Decision Support for Sustainable Development using a Canadian Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment Model. Special issue on sustainable development. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. 32(1). 2005. 16-29.
  48. Filion, Y.R., MacLean, H.L., Karney, B.W. Life-Cycle Energy Analysis of a Water Distribution System. ASCE Journal of Infrastructure Systems. 2004. 10(3). 120-130.
  49. MacLean, H.L., Lave, L.B., Griffin, M. Alternative Transport Fuels for the Future. International Journal of Vehicle Design. 35(1-2). 2004. 27-49. (Invited paper)
  50. MacLean, H.L., Lave, L.B. Life Cycle Assessment of Automobile/Fuel Options. Environmental Science & Technology. 37(23). 2003. 5445-5452. (Invited paper)
  51. MacLean, H.L. and L.B. Lave. Evaluating Automobile Fuel/Propulsion Technologies. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 29(1). 2003. 1-69. (Invited paper)
  52. Matthews, H.S., Lave, L.B. and H.L. MacLean. Life Cycle Impact Assessment: A Challenge for Risk Analysts. Risk Analysis. 22(5). 2002. 853-860.
  53. Lave, L.B. and H.L. MacLean. An Environmental-Economic Evaluation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Toyota’s Prius versus its Conventional Internal Combustion Engine Corolla. Transportation Research Part D. 7(2). 2002. 155-162.
  54. Lave, L.B., Griffin, W.M., and H. L MacLean. The Ethanol Answer to Carbon Emissions. Issues in Science and Technology. 2001. 18(2). 73-78.
  55. Lave, L.B. and H.L. MacLean. Are Hybrid Vehicles Worth It? IEEE Spectrum. 38(3). 2001. 47-50.
  56. MacLean, H. L., and L.B. Lave. Environmental Implications of Alternative-Fueled Automobiles: Air Quality and Greenhouse Gas Tradeoffs. Environmental Science & Technology. 34(2). 2000. 225-231.
  57. MacLean, H. L., L. B. Lave, R. L. Lankey, and S. Joshi. A Life Cycle Comparison of Alternative Automobile Fuels. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. 50(10). 2000. 1769-1779.
  58. Lave, L.B., MacLean, H.L., Hendrickson, C.T., and R. Lankey. A Life-Cycle Analysis of Alternative Automobile Fuel-Propulsion Technologies. Environmental Science & Technology. 34(17). 2000. 3598-3605.
  59. MacLean, H. L., and L. B. Lave. A Life Cycle Model of an Automobile. Environmental Science & Technology. 32(3). 1998. 322A-330A.

Book Chapters

 

  • Nizami, A.S., Saville, B.A., MacLean, H.L.  Anaerobic Digesters: Challenges and Perspectives in Biomethane Production and Related Technology: Issues and Concerns. Rutledge, Taylor and Francis, US. In press. 2012.
  • Zhang, Y., Spatari, S., McKechnie, J., MacLean, H.L. Environmental life cycle assessment of lignocellulose-to-bioalcohol production. Biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. K. Waldron, Editor. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. 2010.
  • MacLean, H.L., Duchin, F., Hagelüken,C., Halada, K., Kesler, S., Moriguchi, Y., Mueller, D., Norgate, T., Reuter, M., van der Voet, E. Mineral Resources: Stocks, Flows and Prospects. Ernst Strungmann Forum on Measuring Sustainability. 2010.
  • MacLean, H.L. Electricity's Role in Reducing the Environmental Footprint of Energy Use. Electricity Workshop. University of Toronto. 2010.
  • Matthews, H. S., F. McMichael, L. Lave, MacLean, H.L. Life Cycle Analysis as a Tool for Product Design. In Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, edited by K. H. J. Buschow, et al.: Pergamon. 2008.
  • Hendrickson, C.T., Lave, L.B., Matthews, H.S., Horvath, A., Joshi, S., McMichael, F.C., MacLean, H., Cicas, G., Matthews, D., Bergerson, J. Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services. Resources for the Future (RFF) Press. 2006.
  • Matthews, S., L. Lave, MacLean, H. Life Cycle Impact Analysis: A Challenge for Risk Analysts. In Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: Theory and Practice. Paustenbach, D. Ed. Wiley Inc. 2002.

Other Publications in Journals/Magazines

 

  • Pourbafrani, M., McKechnie, J., Saville, B.A., MacLean, H.L. Bioplastic Products from Citrus Waste Bioplastics MAGAZINE. Polymedia Publisher GmbH. April 2013. 
  • MacLean, H.L. Improving Sustainability. Autoplant Supplement. March 2005. 26.
  • Duval, D., MacLean, H.L. Keeping the Options Open. Environmental Finance. 6(2). 2004. 29.

Refereed Conference Papers

 

  1. M. Freire-Gormaly, H. MacLean, A. Bazylak, MicroCT Investigations and Pore Network Reconstructions of Limestone and Carbonate-Based Rocks for Deep Geologic Carbon Sequestration, ASME 2012 - 6th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, July 23-26, 2012, San Diego, California.
  2. Hoy, G., Misra, A., Mostafa, T., Roorda, M.J., MacLean, H.L., Verifying The Accuracy Of Emissions Modelling In An Urban Setting Using Microsimulation, Canadian Transportation Research Forum, 47th Annual Conference, Calgary, June 3-6, 2012.
  3. Raykin, L., MacLean, H. L., and Roorda, M. J. Implications of driving patterns on well-to-wheel performance of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.  Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting; January 22-26 2012, Washington, D.C.
  4. Sarathy, M.S., Zhang, Y., M. Griffin, Thomson, M.J., MacLean, H. Life Cycle Assessment of Butanol for Use in Transportation Applications. 8th World Congress of Chemical Engineering Conference. Montreal, 2009.
  5. McKellar, J.M., Charpentier, A.D., Bergerson, J.A., MacLean, H.L. A Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Perspective on Liquid Fuels from Canadian and U.S. Unconventional Fossil Sources. Global Conference on Global Warming (GCGW-08), Istanbul, Turkey, July 6-10, 2008.
  6. Fleming, J., Habibi, S., MacLean, H.L., Brinkman, N. Evaluating the Sustainability of Producing Hydrogen from Biomass through Well-to-Wheel Analyses. 2005 Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, April 11-14, 2005. Detroit, MI.  2005-01-1552.
  7. MacLean, H.L., Lave, L.B., Griffin, M., Joshi, S. Evaluation of Lignocellulosic Ethanol to Fuel the USA-Canadian Light Duty Transportation Fleet.  Proceedings of the Society of Automotive Engineers Environmental Sustainability Conference, April 8-10, 2002. Graz, Austria.  2001-01-3739.
  8. Lave, L.B., MacLean, H.L. An Environmental-Economic Evaluation of Hybrid Electric and other Advanced Vehicles.  Proceedings of the Society of Automotive Engineers Environmental Sustainability Conference, April 8-10, 2002. Graz, Austria.  2001-01-3738.
  9. Lave, L.B., MacLean, H.L., Cobas-Flores, E. Evaluating the Environmental Advantages of Advanced Vehicles. Future Transportation Technologies Conference. Society of Automotive Engineers. Conference, August, 2000. CA.  2000-01-3102.
  10. MacLean, H.L., Lave, L.B. Addressing Vehicle Equivalency to Facilitate Meaningful Automobile Comparisons. Society of Automotive Engineers, Total Life Cycle Conference, April 26-28, 2000. Detroit, MI.  2000-01-1474.
  11. MacLean, H.L., Lave, L.B. Alternative Vehicle Power Sources:  Towards a Life Cycle Inventory Meeting Where Presented: Total Life Cycle Conference and Exposition, April 26-28, 2000. Detroit, MI.  2000-01-1478.
  12. Joshi, S., Lave, L., MacLean, H., Lankey, R. A Life Cycle Comparison of Alternative Transportation Fuels.  Society of Automotive Engineers, Total Life Cycle Conference, April 26-28, 2000. Detroit, MI.  2000-01-1516.
  13. Lankey, R., McMichael, F., Lave, L., MacLean, H., Joshi, S. Alternative Vehicle Power Sources: Towards a Life Cycle Inventory. Society of Automotive Engineers, Total Life Cycle Conference, April 26-28, 2000. Detroit, MI.  2000-01-1478.
  14. Lave, L.B., MacLean, H.L., Lankey, R., Joshi, S., Hendrickson, C., McMichael, F., Horvath, A. Life Cycle Inventories of Conventional and Alternative Automobile Fuel/Propulsion Systems: Summary and Conclusions. Society of Automotive Engineers, Total Life Cycle Conference, April 26-28, 2000. Detroit, MI.  2000-01-1504.
  15. Lave, L. B., Joshi, S., MacLean, H. L., Horvath, A., Hendrickson, C. T.,  McMichael,  F. C., Cobas-Flores, E. Environmental Input-Output Life Cycle Analysis: A Summary of Results Including a Comparison with the SETAC Approach.  Proceedings of the Total Life Cycle Conference Society of Automotive Engineers, December, 1998. Graz, Austria.  982200.

Non-refereed Conference Papers

 

  • Kofoworola, O., McKellar, J., Bergerson J. and MacLean, H.  A Life Cycle Investigation of Emerging Oil Sands Technologies.  8th World Congress of Chemical Engineering; August 23-27, 2009. Montreal, Quebec.
  • McKellar, J.M., Bergerson, J.A., and MacLean, H.L.  Investigating the Life Cycle Impacts of Replacing Natural Gas in Oil Sands Operations.  Conference Proceedings of the Oil Sands and Heavy Oil Technologies Conference & Exhibition; July 14-16, 2009; Calgary, AB.
  • Spatari, S., Zhang, Y., MacLean, H.L.  Life Cycle Evaluation of Pre-treatment Options for Lignocellulosic Ethanol.  American Chemical Society 234th National Meeting and Exposition.  August 19-23, 2007. Boston, MA.
  • Kalogo, Y., Dunnett, D., Bagley, D.M., MacLean, H.L., Monteith, H.D. Including External Costs in On-Site Energy Recovery Decisions. 78th Annual Technical Exhibition and Conference of the Water Environment Federation, Oct. 31 - Nov. 2, 2005. Washington, DC.
  • Liu, J., Kalogo, Y., Bagley, D.M., MacLean, H.L., Monteith, H.D. Assessing Cost-effective Energy Recovery from Anaerobically Digested Wastewater Solids Using a Life-Cycle Costing Tool. 78th Annual Technical Exhibition and Conference of the Water Environment Federation, Oct. 31 - Nov. 2, 2005. Washington, DC.
  • Monteith, H.D., Bagley, D.M., MacLean, H.L., Kalogo, Y. Cost Effective Energy Recovery from Anaerobically Digested Wastewater Solids. 78th Annual Technical Exhibition and Conference of the Water Environment Federation, Oct. 31 - Nov. 2, 2005. Washington, DC.
  • Wong, V., Bagley, D.M., Kalogo, Y., MacLean, H.L., Monteith, H.D. Comparison of Full-Scale Biogas Energy Recovery Alternatives. 78th Annual Technical Exhibition and Conference of the Water Environment Federation, Oct. 31 - Nov. 2, 2005. Washington, DC.
  • Ferguson, T. M., Norman J., MacLean, H.L. Moving Towards Sustainable Design through the Utilization of Economics Input-Output-Based Life Cycle Assessment Methods. The Second Canadian Design Engineering Network (CDEN) International Conference, July 18-20, 2005. Kananaskis, AB.
  • Kennedy, C.A., Miller E.J., Karney, B.W., Pressnail, K.D., McCabe, B.Y., MacLean, H.L, Vanderburg, W.H., Adams, B.J. Urban Morphology and Infrastructure: Implications for a Sustainable Future. 1st Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Specialty Conference on Infrastructure Technologies, Management and Policy, June 2-4, 2005. Toronto, ON.
  • Kuber, K., Kalogo, Y., MacLean, H., Monteith, H. Environmental Impact of Recovering Energy from Anaerobic Digested Biogas. Water Environment Association of Ontario (WEAO) 34th Technical Symposium, April 17-19, 2005. Huntsville, ON.
  • Liu, J., Kalogo, Y., Bagley, D., MacLean, H., Monteith, H. Life Cycle Cost Tool for Determining the Cost-effectiveness of Recovering Energy from Anaerobic Digestion of Wastewater Solids. WEAO 34th Technical Symposium, April 17-19, 2005. Huntsville, ON.
  • Liu, J., Kalogo, Y. Bagley, D.M., MacLean, H.L., Monteith, H. Life Cycle Cost Tool for Determining Cost-effectiveness of Recovering Energy from Anaerobic Digestion of Wastewater Solids. WEAO 33rd Technical Symposium. April, 2004.
  • Monteith, H.D., Sahely, H.R., MacLean, H.L., Bagley, D.M. A Life-Cycle Approach for Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Canadian Wastewater Treatment. WEFTEC 03, Water Environment Federation Technical Exposition and Conference, October 11-15, 2003. Los Angeles, CA.
  • MacLean, H.L., Sahely, H., Monteith, H., Bagley, D.  Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Canadian Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants. WEAO 32nd Technical Symposium. March 31-April 1, 2003. Toronto, ON.
  • Bjorn, A., MacLean, H.L. A Proposed Model for Evaluating Economy-wide Environmental Impacts in Canada. 10th Annual Conference of the Environmental Studies Association of Canada, June 1-3, 2003. Halifax, NS.
  • Powers, S., Zander, A., Theis, T., MacLean, H.L. Workshop on Incorporating Sustainability into the Engineering Curriculum. Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professionals, August 11-13, 2002. Toronto, ON.
  • Lankey, R., MacLean, H., Sterdis, A. A Case Study in Environmentally Conscious Design: The Wearable Computer. Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, 1997. San Francisco, CA.
  • Horvath, A., MacLean, H.L., Hendrickson, C., Lave, L., McMichael, F. International Environmental Performance Measurement in the Electronics Industry. Proceedings of the 1996 International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, 1996, Dallas, TX.