Professor Kaiwen Xia

Geomechanics and Mining IconGeomechanics Research Group

Professor Kaiwen Xia

Contact me

Kaiwen Xia
Dept. of Civil Engineering
University of Toronto
35 St. George St.
Toronto, Ontario
Canada, M5S 1A4

Room GB314A

Tel: 416-978-5942
Fax: 416-978-6813

Research Interests

Dynamic fracture mechanics, earthquake physics, dynamic friction, dynamic response of rock materials, impact damage, and sensor technology. Work includes laboratory studies of dynamic earthquake ruptures, dynamic friction, ISRM suggested method for rock dynamic tests, mode I and mixed mode spontaneous fractures, dynamic response of materials under elevated temperature, failure analysis of composites, mechanical properties of multi-phase granular materials, nano-adhesion of bio-inspired materials, and sensor technology.

Education and Designations

B.S. & M.S. (Mech. Eng., U. of Sci. & Tech. China)
M.S. (Geophysics, Caltech)
Ph.D. (Mech. Eng, Caltech)


Course Code Title & Description Keywords Instructor Session Timetable
CIV521H1 Undergrad, Civil, Graduate, Mining and Geomechanics Prof. Kaiwen Xia Fall 2015 Scheduled by the Office of the Faculty Registrar.
CIV1422H Graduate, Mining and Geomechanics Prof. Kaiwen Xia Summer 2015


Peer Refereed Journal Articles


  1. Xia, K., C.L. Liu and P. Kanoplous, “On the energy of dynamic fractures”, International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation, (Accepted on Oct. 20, 2011).
  2. Huang, S., K. Xia and F. Dai, “Establishment of a dynamic Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion for rocks”, International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation, (Accepted on Oct. 5, 2011).
  3. Huang, S., S.N. Luo, B. Tatone and K. Xia, “Dynamic fracture tests of PMMA using a dynamic semi-circular bend technique”, Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures, (Accepted on Oct. 10, 2010).
  4. Zhou, Y.X., K. Xia, et al., “Suggested methods for determining the dynamic strength parameters and mode-I fracture toughness of rock materials”, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, (In press).
  5. Dai, F., K. Xia, H. Zheng and Y.X. Wang, “Determination of Dynamic Rock Mode-I Fracture Parameters using Cracked Chevron Notched Semi-Circular Bend specimen”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, doi:10.1016/j.engfracmech.2011.06.02, 78(15), 2633-2644, 2011.
  6. Huang, S., X.T. Feng and K. Xia, “A dynamic punch method to quantify the dynamic shear strength of brittle solids”, Review of Scientific Instruments, 82, 053901, 2011.
  7. Huang, S., K. Xia and L. Qiao, “Dynamic tests of cemented paste backfill: effects of strain rate, curing time and cement content on compressive strength”, Journal of Materials Science, doi: 10.1007/s10853-011-5449-0, 46(15), 5165, 2011.
  8. Zhou, Z., B. Zhang, K. Xia, X. Li, G. Yan and K. Zhang “Smart film for crack monitoring of concrete bridges”,Structural Health Monitoring, doi:10.1177/1475921710373288, 10(3), 275–289, 2011.
  9. Dong, S.M., K. Xia, S. Huang and T. Yin, “Rate dependence of the tensile and flexural strengths of glass-ceramic Macor”, Journal of Materials Science, DOI:10.1007/s10853-010-4852-2, 46(2), 394-399, 2011.
  10. Tang, L. and K. Xia, “Seismological method for prediction of regional rockbursts in a deep mine with seismic source mechanism and rock unstable failure theory”, Journal of Central South University of Technology, 947-953, DOI: 10.1007/s11771-010-0582-5, 2010.
  11. Dai, F., S. Huang, K. Xia and Z. Tan, “Some fundamental issues in dynamic compression and tension tests of rocks using split Hopkinson pressure bar”, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, DOI: 10.1007/s00603-010-0091-8, 43(6), 657-666, 2010.
  12. Huang, S., K. Xia, F. Yan and X.T. Feng, “An experimental study of the rate dependence of tensile strength softening of Longyou sandstone”, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, DOI: 10.1007/s00603-010-0083-8, 43(6), 677-683, 2010.
  13. Dai, F. and K. Xia, “Loading rate dependence of tensile strength anisotropy of Barre granite”, Pure and Applied Geophysics, DOI: 10.1007/s00024-010-0103-3, 167, 1419-1432, 2010.
  14. Huang, S., R. Chen and K. Xia, “Quantification of dynamic tensile parameters of rocks using a modified Kolsky tension bar apparatus”, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1235.2010.00162, 2(2), 162–168, 2010.
  15. Dai, F., R. Chen, and K. Xia, “Semi-circular bend in split Hopkinson pressure bar for dynamic fracture toughness measurements”, Experimental Mechanics, doi:10.1007/s11340-009-9273-2, 50(6), 783-791, 2010.
  16. Dai, F., R. Chen, J. M. Iqbal and K. Xia, “Dynamic Cracked Chevron Notched Brazilian Disc (CCNBD) Method for Measuring Rock Fracture Parameters”, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences,doi:10.1016/j.ijrmms.2010.04.00247, 47(4), 606-613, 2010.
  17. Dai, F., K. Xia and L. Tang, “Rate dependence of flexural tensile strength of Laurentian granite”, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 47(3), 469–475, 10.1016/j.ijrmms. 2009.05.001, 2010.
  18. Chen R., X. Guo, F. Lu and K. Xia, “Dynamic fracture study of Stanstead granite”, Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 29(2), 375-380, 2010.
  19. Xia K., “Split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) tests on rocks”, News Journal-International Society for Rock Mechanics, 12, 72-75, 2009.
  20. Chen, R., F. Lu, Y. Lin, P. Zhao, J. Li and K. Xia, “A Critical Review of Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar Technique”,Advances in Mechanics, 39(5), 576-587, 2009.
  21. Chen, R., Y. Lin, F. Lu, K. Xia, “Analysis of failure feature of Barre granite under dynamic compression”, Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 28(S1), 2743-2748, 2009.
  22. Chen, R., S. Huang, K. Xia and F. Lu, “A modified Kolsky bar system for testing ultra-soft materials under intermediate strain rates”, Review of Scientific Instruments, 80, 076108(1-3), 2009.
  23. Chen, R., K. Xia, F. Dai, F. Lu and S.N. Luo, “Determination of dynamic fracture parameters using a semi-circular bend technique in split Hopkinson pressure bar testing”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 76, 1268-1276, 10.1016/ j.engfracmech.2009.02.001, 2009.
  24. Dai, F., K. Xia and S.N. Luo, “Semi-circular bend testing with split Hopkinson pressure bar for measuring dynamic tensile strength of brittle solids”, Review of Scientific Instruments 79(12), 123903 (1-6), 2008.
  25. Xia, K., M.H.B. Nassari, B. Mohanty, F. Lu, R. Chen and S.N. Luo, “Effects of microstructures on dynamic compression of Barre granite”, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Science, doi:10.1016/j.ijrmms.2007.09.013, 45(6), 879-887, 2008.
  26. Xia, K., R. Chen, S. Huang and S.N., Luo, “Controlled multipulse loading with a stuffed striker in classical split Hopkinson pressure bar testing”, Review of Scientific Instruments, 79(5), 053906 (1-6), 2008.
  27. Xia, K., C. Rousseau and A.J. Rosakis, “Experimental investigations of spontaneous bimaterial interfacial fractures”,Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures, 29(3), 173-184, 2008
  28. Luo, S.N., L. Han, Y. Xie, Q. An, L.Q. Zheng, and K.W. Xia, “The relation between shock-state particle velocity and free surface velocity: A molecular dynamics study on single crystal Cu and silica glass”, Journal of Applied Physics, 103(9), 093530 (1-6), 2008.
  29. Xia, K.W., V.B. Chalivendra and A.J. Rosakis, “Observing ideal ‘self-similar’ crack growth in experiments”,Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 73, 2748-2755, doi:10.1016/j.engfracmech.2006.05.001, 2006.
  30. Rosakis, A.J., H. Kanamori, and K.W. Xia, “Laboratory earthquake”, International Journal of Fracture 138, 211-218, DOI 10.1007/s10704-006-0030-6, 2006.
  31. Xia, K., V.B. Chalivendra and A.J. Rosakis, “Spontaneous mixed-mode fractures in bonded similar and dissimilar materials”, Experimental Mechanics, 46(2), 163-171, DOI 10.1007/s11340-006-6423-7, 2006.
  32. Xia, K.W., “Scaling model for fracture energies: the rationalization of different laboratory measurements”,Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L01305, doi:10.1029/ 2005GL024446, 2006.
  33. Xia, K., A.J. Rosakis and H. Kanamori, “Supershear and subRayleigh to supershear transition observed in laboratory earthquake experiments”, Experimental Techniques, 29(3), 63-66, 2005.
  34. Xia, K.W., A.J. Rosakis, H. Kanamori and J.R. Rice, “Laboratory earthquakes along inhomogeneous faults: directionality and supershear”, Science, 308 (5722), 681-684, 2005.
  35. Xia, K.W., A.J. Rosakis, and H. Kanamori, “Laboratory earthquakes: The sub-Rayleigh-to-supershear rupture transition”, Science, 303 (5665), 1859-1861, 2004.
  36. Xia K.W. and T.J. Ahrens, “Impact induced damage beneath craters”, Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (18): 3525-3527 SEP 15 2001.
  37. Xia K.W. and Z.P. Tang, “A constitutive relation for multi-component granular materials based on micro-contacts”, J. University of Science & Technology of China, 30(4): 422-429, AUG 2000.
  38. Xia K.W., W.Y. Liu and Z.P. Tang, “Experimental study of dynamic properties of 30CrMnSiA steel at high temperature”, Explosion and Shock Waves, 18(4): 310-316, OCT 1998.
  39. Xia K.W., J.Y. Cheng and S.S. Hu, “Application of SHPB apparatus to the measurement of high temperature dynamical mechanical behaviors of materials”, Experimental Mechanics of China, 13(3): 307-313, SEP 1998.

Books and Book Chapters


  • Xia, K., F. Dai and R. Chen, “Advancements in Hopkinson pressure bar techniques and applications to rock strength and fracture”, in Advances in Rock Dynamics and Applications, edited by Y. Zhou and J. Zhao, Taylor & Francis, 2011.
  • Wang, Y., K. Xia and Q. Shen, 2008 International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management – Construction for a sustainable future, Chinese Construction Industry Press, Bejing, 2008.
  • Rosakis, A. J., K. Xia, G. Lykotrafitis and H. Kanamori, “Dynamic shear rupture in frictional interfaces: speeds, directionality and modes”, in Treatise on Geophysics, Vol. 4, edited by H. Kanamori, Elsevier, 2007.
  • Rosakis, A.J., H. Kanamori and K. Xia, “Laboratory earthquakes”, in Advances in Fracture Research, edited by A. Carpinteri, Y.W. Mai and R.O. Ritchie, Springer, 2006.